Prevalence Of Mental Health In Rwandan Children And Young Adolescents Pdf
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After the genocide in Rwanda, the need to educate people and establish mental health services were identified as vital aspects of rebuilding the country. As a result of the genocide, Rwanda has a severe shortage of mental health professionals while nearly a third of its general population has post-traumatic stress disorders.
- Mental Health
- A Community-Based Mental Health Intervention: Promoting Mental Health Services in Rwanda
- Mental health
- In this article
Use of tobacco and its products are the single most preventable cause of death in the world. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of current tobacco use and identify associated factors among Rwandans aged 15—34 years. This study involved secondary analysis of existing data from the nationally representative WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance of non-communicable diseases STEPS conducted in to explore the prevalence of tobacco use and its associated factors in Rwanda. Data of 3, youth participants 15—34 years old who had been selected using multistage cluster sampling during the survey was analyzed. The prevalence of current smoking along with socio-demographic characteristics of the sample were determined and multivariable logistic regression was employed to identify independent factors associated with current tobacco use. The prevalence was found to be significantly higher among males, young adults aged 24—34, youth with primary school education or less, those from Southern province, people with income work in public, private organizations and self-employed and young married adults. However, geographical location i.
The mean score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale was Multivariate analysis revealed that reports of depressive symptoms that exceeded the clinical cutoff were associated with having 3 basic household assets or fewer, such as a mattress and a spare set of clothes odds ratio [OR], 1. There was an interaction between marginalization from the community and alcohol use; youth who were highly marginalized and did not drink alcohol were more than 3 times more likely to report symptoms of depression OR, 3. When models were constructed by grouping theoretically related variables into blocks and controlling for other blocks, the emotional status block of variables grief and marginalization accounted for the most variance in depressive symptoms. Interventions designed to go beyond improving food security and increasing household assets may be needed to reduce social isolation of youth heads of household. The effect of head-of-household depressive symptoms on other children living in youth-headed households is unknown. Most African orphans have been absorbed into informal fostering systems.
Background: The situation in the Gaza Strip is uncommon in the frequency with which children are exposed to war-related traumatic events on a daily basis and because of the long-term nature of the conflict. The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD among children and adolescents in the Gaza Strip increased after the recent wars. The aims of the study are: To investigate the prevalence and nature of war traumatic events and PTSD; and to investigate how these traumatic events predict PTSD when taking into account demographic and socioeconomic status factors amongst Palestinian children and adolescents in the Gaza Strip. Methods: The sample consists of 1, school pupils 11—17 years old : Results: The majority of children and adolescents experienced personal trauma N : ;
A Community-Based Mental Health Intervention: Promoting Mental Health Services in Rwanda
Metrics details. Depression in children presents a significant health burden to society and often co-exists with chronic illnesses, such as human immunodeficiency virus HIV. Low-and-middle income countries LMICs shoulder a disproportionate burden of HIV among other health challenges, but reliable estimates of co-morbid depression are lacking in these settings. Though depression may negatively affect adherence to HIV treatment among children and adolescents, most LMICs fail to routinely screen children for mental health problems due to a shortage of trained health care providers. While some screening tools exist, they can be costly to implement in resource-constrained settings and are often lacking a contextual appropriateness.
Rwanda. Total population (UN official estimate): a. 11,, Burden of mental Plan or strategy for child and/or adolescent mental health d WHO, World Health Statistics data visualisation dashboard; luciegaillard.org.
Children in armed conflict are frequently deprived of basic needs, psychologically supportive environments, educational and vocational opportunities, and other resources that promote positive psychosocial development and mental health. This article describes the mental health challenges faced by conflict-affected children and youth, the interventions designed to prevent or ameliorate the psychosocial impact of conflict-related experiences, and a case example of the challenges and opportunities related to addressing the mental health needs of Rohingya children and youth. It is well documented that there are disparities between the mental health of war-affected children and youth and those in the general population. This article describes the epidemiology of psychosocial functioning of conflict-affected children and youth, interventions designed to prevent or ameliorate mental health problems, and a case example of current work to address the mental health needs of war-affected children and youth in Southeast Asia. We first present what is known about the prevalence of mental health problems of conflicted-affected children exposed to different facets of the phenomena of conflict experience, including child soldiers.
In this article
Adolescence is a critical and formative period in which individuals begin their transition from childhood to adulthood. Ensuring that adolescents are fully supported in all facets of life is critical for fostering this transition and laying the foundation for a healthy and productive remainder of their lives. While there are many factors that significantly affect adolescence, mental health and well-being have often been overlooked. Mental health issues constitute a major burden of disease for adolescents globally.
Innovations in Global Mental Health pp Cite as. The major purpose of this chapter is to identify and describe community-based mental health interventions in Rwanda and to illuminate their evolution and current function in preventing and treating mental health problems, while promoting healing and restorative mental health practices, especially in light of the Genocide. The chapter provides an introduction to health and mental health care in Rwanda along with offering historical and contextual perspectives of mental health services there, including discussions of Indigenous and Western medical approaches. The genocide is addressed by discussing its psychosocial implications and the emergence of trauma- and genocide-related mental health problems.
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