past simple and present perfect explanation pdf

Past Simple And Present Perfect Explanation Pdf

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Use the simple past when the action started in the past, finished in the past, and is not continuing now.

How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two.

Present perfect vs past simple PDF

The present perfect is used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified , and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself. Note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the simple past. Read more about choosing between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. Read more about using the present perfect with the words "ever", "never", "already", and "yet" , and about using the present perfect with the words "for" and "since".

Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and when writing letters. To create the present perfect tense of any verb, you will combine the present tense of the verb "to have" plus the past participle of the main verb of the sentence. The past participle of a regular verb is the base word plus —ed. You can find a list of the past participle of irregular verbs here. One example of this tense is: "have jumped. Some other forms of this tense are:.

As soon as a time expression in the past is given, you have to use Simple Past. If there are no signal words, you must decide if we just talk about an action in the past or if its consequence in the present is important. Note that the following explanations and exercises refer to British English only. We cannot accept this in our exercises, however, as this would lead to confusions amongst those who have to learn the differences. Do you just want to express what happened in the past? Or do you want to emphasise the result a past action's consequence in the present?

Past Simple and Present Perfect With NEVER

Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verbs in brackets. Present , Perfect , Present perfect. Link to this page:. Why are you crying? Take your umbrella with you. Grammar Worksheet Defining and non-defining relative clauses Non-defining relative clauses Use We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra.

Present Perfect vs. Past Simple: Learn the Key Differences and Never Confuse the Two Again

Click here for more information about the present perfect tense Click here for more information about the past simple tense. Remember: We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. Present perfect or past simple exercise 1 Present perfect or past simple exercise 2 Present perfect or past simple exercise 3 Present perfect or past simple exercise 4. Need more practice?

Past simple or present perfect?

Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. The difference is the following:. Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present. Past Simple denotes actions and events in finished time periods last week, yesterday, at the weekend, etc. The Present Perfect is used to talk about an action that took place in the recent past and is still relevant to the present moment. In statements showing an event or situation which began in the past and continues now, we often use time expressions with since and for , e. Generally speaking, the Past Simple is used to talk about something that happened at a definite time in the past yesterday, last week, ago, then, when , etc.

We use the past simple to refer to definite time in the past when we specify the time or how long and usually with past time expressions such as yesterday , two weeks ago, last year, in :. We met in January We went to America together in

Question (b) with how long uses the present perfect tense. Fill in the blanks with the simple past or the present perfect of the verb in parentheses ().

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 Оно будет громадным, - застонал Джабба.  - Ясно, что это будет число-монстр. Сзади послышался возглас: - Двухминутное предупреждение. Джабба в отчаянии бросил взгляд на ВР. Последний щит начал рушиться. Техники сновали по комнате. Что-то подсказывало Сьюзан, что они близки к разгадке.

Сьюзан снова завладели прежние сомнения: правильно ли они поступают, решив сохранить ключ и взломать Цифровую крепость. Ей было не по себе, хотя пока, можно сказать, им сопутствовала удача. Чудесным образом Северная Дакота обнаружился прямо под носом и теперь попал в западню. Правда, оставалась еще одна проблема - Дэвид до сих пор не нашел второй экземпляр ключа. Она молилась, чтобы его усилия увенчались успехом.

Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

Беккер остановился, недоумевая, откуда им известно его имя. - Кто… кто вы. - Пройдемте с нами, пожалуйста. Сюда. В этой встрече было что-то нереальное - нечто, заставившее снова напрячься все его нервные клетки.

Беккер покачал головой: - Отнюдь. Тут написано - Quis custodiet ipsos custodes. Это можно примерно перевести как… - Кто будет охранять охранников! - закончила за него Сьюзан.

Ему сказали, что бортовой телефон вышел из строя, поэтому позвонить Сьюзан не удастся. - Что я здесь делаю? - пробормотал. Ответ был очень простым: есть люди, которым не принято отвечать. - Мистер Беккер, - возвестил громкоговоритель.  - Мы прибываем через полчаса.

Спокойно подняв пистолет, он выстрелил. Пуля задела Беккера в бок, когда он уже почти обогнул угол здания.

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  1. Bonnie M.

    Present Perfect Simple, Past Simple. Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: I've known Julie for ten years (and I still know her).

    04.04.2021 at 01:51 Reply

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