characteristics of open and distance learning pdf

Characteristics Of Open And Distance Learning Pdf

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The discussion is preceded by a conceptual examination of the relations and interrelations between the distance education and open learning terms. Der Diskussion geht eine konzeptionelle Untersuchung der Beziehungen zwischen den Begriffen Fernunterricht und offenes Lernen voraus.

To print the story please do so via the link in the story toolbar. Distance learning is a popular trend, which incorporates the use of technology. It is changing the way education is viewed.

Student characteristics and knowledge on ODL concepts at first registration: A case study from OUSL

Distance learning , also called distance education, e-learning , and online learning , form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional students, such as full-time workers, military personnel, and nonresidents or individuals in remote regions who are unable to attend classroom lectures. However, distance learning has become an established part of the educational world, with trends pointing to ongoing growth. An increasing number of universities provide distance learning opportunities. A pioneer in the field is the University of Phoenix , which was founded in Arizona in and by the first decade of the 21st century had become the largest private school in the world, with more than , enrolled students. It was one of the earliest adopters of distance learning technology, although many of its students spend some time in classrooms on one of its dozens of campuses in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

The mixed-media is in use for the courseware- such as radio and television, video, print, audio cassette, telecommunications and computer-based learning and for pre-tested and up-to-date before use. Four characteristics distinguish distance learning. The next major advancement in educational technology came with the linking of computers through the Internet, which enabled the development of modern distance learning. For example, the Chautauqua Lake Sunday School Assembly in western New York state began in as a program for training Sunday school teachers and church workers. The ODL it has two learning instruction such as synchronous and asynchronous. These theories led to different techniques for the use of media in the classroom, with behaviourism concentrating on altering student behaviour and constructivism focusing on process- and experience-based learning.

Distance education

Distance Education. Africa became independent during the first decade of the second half of the 20thcentury as most countries making it up established their own governments and opened diplomatic missions in foreign lands for the first time, in the s. With independence arose fundamental preoccupations and primary concerns; these preoccupations and concerns were those addressing issues of the development of the newly independent nations and the search for appropriate instruments that were to be used in bringing about this development. As a result of these factors, the new nations of Africa opted to expand both the educational structures and personnel inherited from colonisation with the view to ushering in, development similar to that enjoyed by their respective metropoles. Consequently, between and , the number of primary schools quadrupled and the number of primary school pupils quintupled; the number of secondary schools tripled and the number of secondary school teachers rose two folds; teacher training schools multiplied four folds and the number of teachers teaching in them rose three folds; the number of universities doubled itself and the number of lecturers equally rose significantly in Sub-Saharan Africa World Bank, In , the Government of Lesotho established the Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre LDTC with the view to equipping adults and youths with literacy, numeracy and income generation skills; by , more than , learners have benefitted from the programmes offered by the centre Garg and Lephoto,

The concept of open and distance learning has the following characteristics [1] :. Log in. Page Discussion View source History. Jump to: navigation , search. This flexibility is related with the content of the course, the way in which it is structured, the place, medium and timing of its delivery, the pace of the process and the forms of support available. Types of open and distance learning are correspondence education, home study and independent study, continuing education , self-education , adult learning , technology-based education, learner-centered approach to education, open learning, flexible learning, e-learning , computer-based training CBT , and distributed learning.

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PDF | Faced with the great changes occurring in the workplace as well as the challenges placed by the Information Society and by Key words: Learners Characteristics, Distance Education Guidelines: Using Open and Distance Learning.

Differentiating between distance/open education systems-parameters for comparison

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Distance learning DL is not a new trend in the field of education. DL comprises teaching of students who not always are physically present in an educational institution.

characteristics of open and distance learning

Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

Are open-minded about sharing life, work, and educational experiences as part of the learning process. The online process requires students to utilize their experiences. Are able to communicate through writing. Students need to feel comfortable in expressing themselves in writing. Are self-motivated and self-disciplined.

The surveying technique was adapted with a piloted structured questionnaire consisting of two components. The structured component was used to evaluate personal, socio-economic and demographic data. Data collected from the structured component were frequency tabulated and cross-tabulated with the SPSS computer software. Responses of the open ended part were examined, categorized and the frequency percentages of each response category were calculated.

Distance education , also called distance learning , is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Today, it involves online education. A distance learning program can be completely distance learning, or a combination of distance learning and traditional classroom instruction called hybrid [3] or blended. One of the earliest attempts was advertised in This was in the Boston Gazette for "Caleb Philipps, Teacher of the new method of Short Hand ", who sought students who wanted to learn through weekly mailed lessons.

follows: • The definitions section focuses on the six features common to most definitions of open and distance learning. You may want to reword these definitions.

Differentiating between distance/open education systems-parameters for comparison

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 Да… и… - слова застревали у нее в горле. Он убил Дэвида. Бринкерхофф положил руку ей на плечо. - Мы почти приехали, мисс Флетчер. Держитесь.

У вас есть кольцо. - Проваливайте! - зарычал немец и начал закрывать дверь. Беккер не раздумывая просунул ногу в щель и открыл дверь. Но сразу же об этом пожалел. Глаза немца расширились. - Was tust du. Что вы делаете.

Глаза его неотрывно смотрели на Чатрукьяна. - В него попал зараженный файл, сэр. Я абсолютно в этом уверен. Лицо Стратмора побагровело. - Мистер Чатрукьян, такое уже случалось. Нет никакого файла, который мог бы заразить ТРАНСТЕКСТ.

 Аегорortо. Per favore. Sulla Vespa. Venti mille pesete.

Вода из горячей постепенно превратилась в теплую и, наконец, холодную. Она уже собиралась вылезать, как вдруг ожил радиотелефон. Сьюзан быстро встала и, расплескивая воду, потянулась к трубке, лежавшей на краю раковины. - Дэвид. - Это Стратмор, - прозвучал знакомый голос.

Человек наклонился, и его рот оказался у самого уха двухцветного. Голос был странный, какой-то сдавленный: - Adonde file. Куда он поехал? - Слова были какие-то неестественные, искаженные.

К тому времени все уже рухнет. Джабба открыл рот, готовый что-то сказать, но тут его буквально парализовал душераздирающий крик. Все повернули головы к Сьюзан Флетчер, которая выпрямилась и поднялась со стула. Лицо ее побелело, глаза не отрываясь смотрели на застывший кадр, демонстрировавший неподвижное тело Дэвида Беккера, залитое кровью, брошенное на пол мини-автобуса. - Вы его убили! - крикнула .

До апельсиновых деревьев не меньше ста метров. Никаких шансов. Боль в боку усилилась. Сверху слышался гулкий звук шагов, спешащих вниз по лестнице. Беккер закрыл глаза, стиснул зубы и подтянулся.

Значит, это не Дэвид. Сьюзан почувствовала, что у нее перехватило дыхание.

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    Distance learning , also called distance education, e-learning , and online learning , form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication.

    04.04.2021 at 03:05 Reply

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